Workbook Answer Keys
Top Notch 1 Unit 2
Top Notch 1 Unit 4
Top Notch 1 Unit 10
Top Notch 2
Top Notch 2 Unit 1
Top Notch 2 Unit 2
Top Notch 2 Unit 3
Top Notch 2 Unit 4
Top Notch 2 Unit 5
TN 2 Unit 6
TN 2 Unit 7
TN 2 Unit 8
TN 2 Unit 9
TN2 Unit 10
I think you should keep in mind the three main problems you might be facing when you speak.
I do not pretend that you speak with a perfect native American accent, that is not our goal. but what speaking
with a proper pronunciation implies is that your listener hears the same word that you intend to pronounce i.e. that when
you say bird the listener pictures an animal that has feathers and flights and not an image of their weekend party.
We, Latin Americans, have the peculiarity our mother tongues lack of consonant ending sounds our words usually end in
vowels, n, s, or z. In English words can end in almost any consonant letter and if we ommit or change
one letter we might say something else.
Do not worry though people will usually understand what we said even if our pronunciation is not perfect because of the
context of the conversation. But is not nice to have a person continuously guessing what we are trying to say; that is why
we should try to pronounce correctly.
If you read aloud pronouncing with attention the ending of the words, you will improve your pronunciation.
2. Sentence Structure
A sentence structure is subject and predicate (subject + verb + complement). A simple mistake is when
we omit the subject, a mistake that is understood for Latin Americans because our verbs when conjugated already imply the
subject, therefore, it is ok to omit in Spanish (not in English).
A much greater mistake is commited when we omit to use a verb in a tense. We simply cannot communicate properly without
verbs. We might sound as toddlers saying, "mama, water."
To fix this problem review your old books and most important, READ, READ, and READ.
3. Verbal Tenses
By verbal tenses I mean to use the apprpriate verbal tenses according to the circumstances. The verbal tenses are: Simple
present, present continuous, present perfect; simple past, past continuous, past perfect; simple future, future continuous,
future perfect: and their equivalents in the passive voice.
Sometimes, we tend to communicate by using the simple present for speaking about what we did yesterday or our plans for
We need to review the use of these tenses in order to use them in the context they belong.
It is true that the main goal of learning a new language is that our listener understands what we say. At this
point we have already achieved our goal of getting our message across. So, we must raise the bar to speak English as
correct and as fluent as possible. Let's try to meet that challenge.